Australia officially became a nation on the 1st of January 1901. The
day was marked across Australia with both official and popular celebrations.
Sydney was the centre of attention with official celebrations taking
place in Centennial Park. Thousands attended the street parades where
the official procession passed under many arches especially built
for the purpose. Arches have a long history as symbols of centralised
power - from the arches built to commemorate the exploits of Roman
emperors to those of Napoleon. In Australia, the temporary arches
built for the Celebration of Federation represented the diversity
of Australia's people, products and cities. They symbolised people's
pride in their new nation. Given this symbolism, what do you think
of the Bulletin's use of the arch in their satirical cartoon?
"An Impression of the Melbourne Pageant - The Unemployed Arch", Bulletin,
11 May 1901, p. 17. Courtesy of the University of Western Australia
- George and William Streets", The Argus, 2 January 1901, p. 5. Courtesy
of the Newspaper Collection, State Library of Victoria.
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