GOVERNMENT IN AUSTRALIA 1901 - 1945 - ANSWERS
Table of facts about government in Australia:
1. Outline the changes that took place in the role of the Federal Government between 1901 and the 1940s.
Between 1901 and 1945 the Federal Government broadened its powers over the economy, re-organised the Commonwealth-State financial relationship, introduced a variety of social services, took a more important role in trade and pursued a more independent foreign policy.
2. Why do you think these changes took place?
Some of the growth in Commonwealth power took place as result of two world wars but Commonwealth power also grew because of a perceived need for more federal control, particularly in matters such as trade.
The growth of various social services reflected society's and government's changing attitudes to the poor and an acceptance of welfare as a legitimate role of government in the federal sphere.