About Geoff Gallop

1. WA Inc. (or Western Australia incorporated) is a term which came to be applied to the series of business dealings between Western Australian state governments (those headed by Brian Burke and Peter Dowding between 1983 and 1990) and a number of private businessmen during the 1980s and into the beginning of the 1990s. Initially, the term seems to have been used to promote 'a positive image' of the Burke Government's policies designed to produce more substantial investment in resource projects and to provide 'additional sources of state finance independent of the federal government'. It also implied greater similarity between the operations of government and those of business. The substantial loss of public moneys in some of these transactions, more especially in the post-1987 period, led to the word becoming a 'byword for maladministration, especially involving commercial activities' and to the appointment of the Royal Commission into Commercial Activities of Government and other matters in 1990 (referred to colloquially as the WA Inc. Royal Commission) which presented its final report(s) in 1992. (See Bruce Stone, 'WA Inc' in Brian Galligan and Winsome Roberts (eds), The Oxford Companion to Australian Politics, South Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2007, p. 626). Back

2. Geoff Gallop, 'The Western Australian election 1983', Politics, 19, 1, 1984, pp. 93-96. Back

3. Geoff Gallop, 'The Burke Labor government: changes made and policies followed since the 1983 elections', Canberra Bulletin of Public Administration, 11, 4, 1984, pp. 219-229. Back

4. Geoff Gallop, 'Politics in Western Australia: 'state of excitement'', Current Affairs Bulletin, 62, 7, 1985, pp. 24-31. Back

5. Geoff Gallop, 'Western Australia' in B.Galligan (ed,), Australian State Politics, Melbourne: Longman, 1986, pp. 74-97. Back

6. Geoff Gallop, 'The future of Thatcherism', Australian Outlook, 40, 2, 1986, pp. 75-83. Back

7. Harry Phillips and David Black in John Wanna and Paul Williams (eds), Yes Premier: Labor Leadership in Australia's States and Territories, Sydney, University of New South Wales Press, 2005, p. 124. Back

8. Geoff Gallop, 'From the Swan to the Canning: Historical Notes on Victoria Park and Surrounding Districts', December 1989, JCPML GG00021/4/7. Back

9. Geoff Gallop, 'The Role of a Member of Parliament' in Geoff Gallop, A State of Reform: Essays for a better Future: Wembley: Helm Wood Publishers, 1998, pp. 104-108. Back

10. Geoff Gallop, 'Combating Cynicism', The Parliamentarian, LXXVIII, July 1997, pp. 222-224. Back

11. Curtin University Library. Geoff Gallop Collection. Records of Geoff Gallop. Gallop, Geoff. Maiden speech; The states and federalism, 18 June 1986. GG00021/1/3. Back

12. One of the more unusual features of the Western Australian State Constitution is that the amendments passed in 1899 to the original Constitution Act 1889 were embodied in a separate act of parliament know as the Constitution Acts Amendment Act 1899. Back

13. Labor's Case for Parliamentary Democracy, being Parliamentary Speeches by Dr Geoff Gallop MLA, Minister for Parliamentary and Electoral Reform. Back

14. Geoff Gallop, 'One Vote One Value', and 'The Upper House and Supply' in A State of Reform, pp. 1-16 and 17-32. Back

15. Geoff Gallop, 'Reforming the State Constitution' in Labor's Case for Parliamentary Democracy, pp. 41-46. Back

16. See, for example, 'Geoff Gallop, 'The High Court: Usurper or Guardian?' in A State of Reform, pp. 54-60. Back

17. Geoff Gallop, 'The State as Market-Western Australia in the 1990s', A State of Reform, p. 94. Back

18. The 'third wave' of industrial relations legislation refers to the three sequential reforms to labour relations in Western Australia introduced during the 1990s by Graham Kierath, Minister for Labour Relations in the Court Government. The first wave, in the Workplace Agreements Act of 1993, provided for the introduction of workplace agreements; the second wave 'restricted the right of union officials to enter workplaces to service their members, deal with workplace issues and organise collectively with the effect that they could only enter workplaces where there were already union members; and the third wave dealt with pre-strike ballots, limited state award coverage where unions sought federal awards as well and limited political expenditure by unions. Many of these provisions were abolished under the Workers' Rights Reinstatement and Protection Act of 2002. In particular, all existing workplace agreements were abolished and new workplace agreements were made subject to minimum employment conditions. All of this preceded the Howard Government's Work Choices legislation. Back

19. David Black and Harry Phillips, 'Political Chronicle Western Australia January-June 1997', Australian Journal of Politics and History (AJPH), 43, 3, 1997, p. 422. Back

20. The term 'New Labour' was a term applied to the British Labour Party following the 1994 party conference and a speech delivered by the new leader Tony Blair, shortly after the party's fourth consecutive election loss in 1992. The term referred to Blair's model for modernising the Labor Party including the reduction of union voting influence in selecting Labor leaders; removal of the party's nationalisation platform and its replacement by the concept of 'social ownership; the attempt to modify a 'tax and spend' image with a 'fair taxation and incentives for enterprise' approach; and the development of a 'stakeholder approach' connecting duties to rights enjoyed under the welfare system. Back

21. Black and Phillips, 'Political Chronicle Western Australia: July to December 1998, AJPH, 45, 2, 1999, p. 277 Back

22. Regional Forest Agreements are 20 year plans for the conservation and sustainable management of Australia's native forests. Ten of these were signed between the Commonwealth and relevant State governments between 1997 and 2001. The Western Australian RFA was signed by the Court Government in May 1999 providing for a 12 per cent addition to the South-West region's formal forest reserve system. Subsequently, the Gallop Government imposed a virtual total ban on logging in old growth forests ('forests that are ecologically mature and subjected to negligible unnatural disturbance'.) Back

23. Black and Phillips, 'Political Chronicle Western Australia, January to June 1999', AJPH, 45, 4, 1999, p. 581. Back

24. Black and Phillips, 'Political Chronicle Western Australia, July to December 1998', AJPH, 45, 2, 1999, p. 279. Back

25. Black and Phillips, Political Chronicle Western Australia, July to December 1999', AJPH, 46, 2, 2000, p. 252. Back

26. The finance broker's scandal related to thousands of mostly elderly Western Australian investors losing very large sums of money at the end of the 1990s. The Gunning report commissioned by the Government found that the regulation of various mortgage investment schemes by the government, ministry and supervisory board public authorities had been seriously inadequate. In the backwash, the Minister for Fair Trading Doug Shave took most of the political fallout and lost his previously safe parliamentary seat to independent Janet Woollard at the 2001 election. Back

27. Black and Phillips, 'Political Chronicle Western Australia, January to June 2001', AJPH, 47, 4, 2001, p. 561. Back

28. ibid. Back

29. Geoff Gallop, 'Drawing the Line Between the Public and the Private', Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 6, 1, 2000, pp. 12-19. Back

30. Geoff Gallop, 'Is There a Third Way?', in P Nursey-Bray and C Bacchi, Left Directions: is there a third way?, , Crawley: University of Western Australia Press, 2001, pp. 32-41. Back

31. Bruce Stone, 'The Western Australian election of 10 February 2001: more a case of protracted suicide than of assassination', Australasian Parliamentary Review, 16, 1, Autumn 2001, pp. 26-33. Back

32. The Royal Commission into Any Corrupt Conduct by WA Police held its first hearings in July 2002 and presented its final report in March 2004. Back

33. A deliberative vote is a vote used to express the opinion of the individual casting the vote on the matter being discussed. A casting vote is where the person presiding over the relevant meeting has a vote to determine the issue only when the deliberative votes are tied. In the West Australian Parliament the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly does not have a deliberative vote but does have a casting vote. In the Legislative Council similarly the President does not have a deliberative vote but only a casting vote where in the Australian Senate the President has a deliberative vote but not a casting vote. In the Senate if voting is tied the question is declared in the negative. If the Western Australian Legislative Council President had had a deliberative vote in 2001 the legislation would have received its constitutional majority. Back

34. Black and Phillips, 'Political Chronicle Western Australia, July to December 2002', AJPH, 49, 2, 2003, p. 279. Back

35. Black and Phillips, 'Political Chronicle Western Australia January to June 2003, AJPH, 49, 4, 2003, p. 596. See also Ministerial statement??? Back

36. Black and Phillips, p. 596. Back

37. The Fremantle Eastern Bypass (between High Street Fremantle and Healy Road, Hamilton Hill) was for several decades included in the Metropolitan Region Scheme as a Controlled Access Highways reservation. The construction of the bypass was intended to divert heavy vehicle movements and other traffic from suburban streets while the Roe Highway Stage 8 was intended to connect at the southern end of the Fremantle eastern bypass: currently, the Highway consists of 7 Stages and ends at the Kwinana Freeway. The Gallop Government decision was to delete the Bypass reservation and the last stage (8) of the Roe Highway project thus enabling the land to be sold for urban development. Back

38. Black and Phillips, 'Political Chronicle Western Australia, January to June 2003, AJPH, 49, 4, 2003, p. 589. Back

39. See Harry Phillips and Liz Kerr, 'Political Chronicle Western Australia, July to December 2003, AJPH, 50, 2, 2004, p. 284 and 'Political Chronicle Western Australia, January to June 2004, AJPH, 50, 4, 2004, p. 616. Back

40. Cross reference to government statements paper Back

41. The wording of the referendum proposals was based on a compromise with the Greens to clear the way for the passage of the enabling legislation. The two questions put to West Australian electors in February 2005 were

Do you believe that the Western Australian community would benefit if trading hours in the Perth Metropolitan Area were extended to allow general retail shops to trade until 9pm Monday to Friday?

Do you believe that the Western Australian community would benefit if trading hours in the Perth Metropolitan Area were extended to allow general retails shops to trade for 6 hours on Sunday? Back

42. See David Black and Harry Phillips, 'Colin's Costly Canal and Labor's Window of Opportunity: The 2005 Western Australian Election, Australasian Parliamentary Review, 20, 2, Autumn 2005, pp. 64-78. Back

43. The term outcomes based education (OBE) refers to a student-centred learning philosophy that focuses on empirically measuring student performance in terms of outputs, called outcomes. It contrasts with traditional education which focuses on the resources or inputs available to students. Those opposed to OBE assert that it is flawed in focussing on outcomes to be achieved rather than on content to be acquired. The main controversy in Western Australia related to the introduction of OBE into secondary schools in Years 11 and 12. In one form or other OBE had been used for many years in the K to 10 (Kindergarten to Year 10 group). Back

44. Geoff Gallop, 'An Internationally Competitive Western Australia: What can the Government do', Western Australian Quarterly Bulletin of Economic Trends', 2, 2002, pp. 41-46. Back

45. The Commonwealth Grants Commission operates under the Commonwealth Grants Commission Act of 1973 to provide advice to the Australian Government in particular on the allocation among the States of the goods and services tax (GST) revenue and health care grants. In broad terms, the function of the Commission is to make recommendations concerning the granting of financial assistance to the States, the ACT and the Northern Territory. Back

46. Geoff Gallop, 'Big, bigger, booming', Business Review Weekly, July 15-21 2004. Back